Cromwell, Oliver

Cromwell, Oliver
   Cromwell was born in Huntingdon and was educated at the University of Cambridge. He was elected to Parliament in 1628 and 1640. In the Long Parliament he emerged as the leader of the Puritan party. In the English Civil War, he was responsible for organising the Parliamentary army and, when the King’s forces were finally defeated, he was among those who signed the death warrant of King Charles i. Subsequently his army subdued both the Irish and the Scots and in 1653 he dismissed Parliament. From then on he effectively ruled alone, as Lord Protector, until his death in 1658. During this period, he made various attempts to reorganise the Church and reform the clergy. Despite his personal sincerity and his brilliant administrative powers, Cromwell’s lack of success can be gauged by the people’s eagerness to restore the pragmatic, High- Church King Charles II to the throne in 1660.
   B. Coward, Oliver Cromwell (1991);
   C. Hill, God’s Englishman: Oliver Cromwell and the Puritan Revolution (1970).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

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  • CROMWELL, OLIVER° — CROMWELL, OLIVER°, Lord Protector of england , 1653–58. Cromwell was largely responsible for the readmission of the Jews to England. His puritan views, based largely upon the Old Testament, and his tolerant nature predisposed him to regard the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Cromwell, Oliver — born April 25, 1599, Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, Eng. died Sept. 3, 1658, London English soldier and statesman, lord protector of the republican Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1653–58). He was elected to Parliament in 1628, but… …   Universalium

  • Cromwell, Oliver — ► (1599 1658) Político inglés. Diputado puritano. En la guerra entre el rey Carlos I y el Parlamento alcanzó victorias decisivas, condenando a muerte al rey en 1649. Proclamó la República y se nombró jefe del estado en 1653. Impulsó la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cromwell, Oliver — ( 1599 1658)    ruler of England during the Puritan Revolution    Oliver Cromwell, who as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth ruled England through the 1640s until his death, was born in Huntingdon in 1599. He was educated in his hometown by a… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Cromwell, Oliver —    Chiefly remembered in folk tradition as a destroyer. A considerable number of castles and manor houses, especially in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire, are said (incorrectly) to have been destroyed or severely damaged by Cromwell s cannon fire; an… …   A Dictionary of English folklore

  • Cromwell, Oliver — (1599–1658)    Lord protector of Britain 1653–8. As lord protector after the Puritan victory in the English Civil War, Cromwell was disposed to favour the re entry of the Jews, who had been banned in 1290. He was not motivated only by religious… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • CROMWELL, OLIVER —    Lord Protector of the commonwealth of England, born at Huntingdon, the son of Robert Cromwell, the younger son of Sir Henry Cromwell, and of Elizabeth Steward, descended from the royal family of Scotland, their third child and second boy;… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • CROMWELL, Oliver — (1599 1658)    English PURITAN general and democrat who championed the rights of commoners against King Charles I and aristocracy. He founded the New Model Army which he led to victory in the English Civil War. After Charles I threatened a second …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Cromwell,Oliver — Crom·well (krŏmʹwĕl , wəl, krŭmʹ ), Oliver. 1599 1658. English military, political, and religious figure who led the Parliamentarian victory in the English Civil War (1642 1649) and called for the execution of Charles I. As lord protector of… …   Universalium

  • Oliver Cromwell — Cromwell redirects here. For other uses, see Cromwell (disambiguation). For other people named Oliver Cromwell, see Oliver Cromwell (disambiguation). Oliver Cromwell Portrait of Oliver Cromwell by Samuel Cooper …   Wikipedia

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